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Archive for September 9th, 2017

09 September
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传阅:“白”与“黑”——伊朗的两种“革命”

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一九七八年,中东石油大国伊朗在穆罕默德.礼萨.巴列维国王领导下进行的“白色革命”已整整十五个年头了。在这十五年中,由于石油价格的飞涨和国王的锐意革新进取,古老落后的伊朗正迅速脱离“传统”,在通往“现代化”(本文在价值中立意义上使用该词)道路上突飞猛进、日新月异,取得了眩目于世的成就。经济繁荣昌盛,武备精良强大,似乎就要再现二千五百年前古波斯帝国的灿烂辉煌。

但就在这年年底,权柄赫赫的巴列维国王却极出世人意料地被身披黑色长袍、头裹黑色缠头的毛拉们掀起的“黑色风暴”──原教旨主义(Fundamentalism)的“伊斯兰”革命所推翻。力量如此悬殊的“两种革命”彼此交量,结果竟是弱胜强败,而且“在这十五年里,全国人民的愿望竟然完全翻了个个儿。这种颠倒是怎样发生的呢?”(〈伊朗〉费.胡韦达《伊朗国王倒台始末记》,第4页)其中必有深刻且引人深思的多种原因。 Read more…