莫斯科:克里姆林宫
Moscow: Kremlin


克里姆林在俄语里是“城堡”的意思,所以莫斯科的克里姆林宫并非天下独此一家
Kremlin means castle in Russian. There are numerous Kremlins all over Russia, but this one in Moscow is the most renowned.



北部的尼古拉塔楼据说是克里姆林宫最重要的防御工事,保护着城堡的水源
Sobakina Tower is said to be the most important defensive turret, as it protects the water source for the Kremlin in siege.


军械库于1701年由彼得大帝所建,1812年曾被拿破仑焚毁
Arsenal


炮王铸于1586年,从未放过一炮
The never-used Tsar Cannon


钟王也一声没响过就掉了一块
The damaged Tsar Bell


伊凡大帝钟楼在历史上是整个莫斯科的制高点
Ivan the Great Bell Tower used to be the highest building in Moscow.


圣母升天大教堂是俄罗斯的国教大教堂,历代沙皇在此加冕
Assumption Cathedral was used for Tsars' coronation


升天大教堂的东南门
Zoom closer, the gate


升天大教堂内的精美圣像画
Incredible mural inside the Assumption Cathedral


意大利风格的天使长教堂
彼得大帝迁都圣彼得堡之前,这里是历代沙皇安息的地方
The Italian-style Cathedral of the Archangel
Coffins of the Moscow Grand Dukes and Tsars before Peter the Great were all placed here.


圣母领报大教堂由伊凡雷帝于16世纪重建,并在主穹顶周围加了6个金制穹顶
也许,这与他先后娶了6位王后有关
Annunciation Cathedral was rebuilt by Ivan the Terrible in 16th century


克里姆林宫西墙外的亚历山大花园
Alexander Garden to the west of Kremlin


无名烈士墓
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier